Carme Pinós

Carme Pinós

Barcelona, Spain, 1954

Gardunya Square Project
Barcelona, Spain

This project is introduced by the author as a landscape. A project for a place; it combines architecture and urbanism in the centre of Barcelona and can be regarded as one of the best examples of the work of Carme Pinós and Spanish architecture.

Helga (M.M.) Snel – Jeanne (J.P.Th) Dekkers

Helga Snel
Jeanne Dekkers

Koog aan de Zaan, Netherlands, 1966
Venlo, Netherlands, 1953

Care and well being centre Tamarix
Developed for the Philadelphia Care Foundation
Heerhugowaard, Netherlands

The care and well-being centre consists of social care homes and rental apartments. They are added to an existing neighbourhood in the town of Heerhugowaard, a town which since the late 1960s grew into a commuters’ town and today keeps on expanding with environmental-friendly building and living areas.

Liana Nella-Potiropoulou

Liana Nella-Potiropoulou

Athens, Greece, 1959

Kindergarten of the German School of Athens
Maroussi, Athens, Greece

It is a building that evokes surprise, inviting for a youthful imagery, for hiding, seeking and wandering, where children can play in a well-controlled environment which nurtures the mental and emotional reflexes of the child.

Eva Jiřičná

Eva Jiřičná

Zlín, Czechoslovakia, 1939

Zlín Culture and Congress Centre
Zlín, Czech Republic

The multi-purpose Centre in Zlín is epitome of Eva Jiřična’s innovative work using glass and steel in both, architectural and interior design.

Christine Conix

Christine Conix

Lier, Belgium, 1955

Belgian EU Pavilion
Expo 2010, Shanghai

She chose to structure the pavilion around the conceptual image of a huge brain cell, using transparent textile, which evokes the artistic wealth of Belgium and Europe as well as the central position of Belgium at the heart of Europe.

Sheila O’Donnell

Sheila O’Donnell

Dublin, Ireland, 1953

Lyric Theatre
Belfast, Ireland

It is one of the buildings that addresses the specific functional needs of a theatre and it was adapted to the particular plot where a previous building was located. The singular style and the quality of the building translated into a nomination to the RIBA Stirling Awards.

Inês Lobo

Inês Lobo

Lisbon, Portugal, 1966

Francisco Rodrigues Lobo High School
Leiria, Portugal

From the existing building, Inês Lobo’s project three vertical volumes rose, connecting them in an almost monastic way, in defence of clarity and the placidity of the experience that is inhabiting a space.

Manuelle Gautrand

Manuelle Gautrand

Marseille, France, 1961

Citroën’s Showroom
Paris, France

The architect chose to treat the project as a transparent showcase allowing the centrally-situated monumental sculpture to be visible from the road. The façade is based on the double chevron, the firm’s symbol, surmounting the entrance porch and then repeated higher up.

Blanca Lleó

Blanca Lleó

Madrid, Spain, 1959

97 Houses for Young People
Barcelona, Spain

This project consists of 97 flats to be rented by young people. It was developed in moulds in order to improve time and material savings, using concrete for the structure and exterior panels, thus designing a sustainable system without debris.

Gunilla Svensson

Gunilla Svensson

Lund, Sweden, 1956

Apartment building Kv Skötaren
Lund, Sweden

The basic concept of this project is simplicity and attention to detail achieved with modular units and prefabricated elements. This work shows Svensson’s commitment to connecting architecture and its location through an accurate use of materials and natural light.

Catarina Raposo

Catarina Raposo

Lisbon, Portugal, 1974

Volcano Pavilion and Water Gardens
St. Vincent, Madeira, Portugal

Intended as an extension of the Volcanism Museum, the park was conceived simultaneously as the Museum’s open space and a viewpoint to the ocean. It offers both a learning experience, which complements the museum programme, and a site for landscape fruition for the city dwellers.

Patricia Urquiola

Patricia Urquiola

Oviedo, Spain, 1961

Fjord Chair
Produced by Moroso, Udine, Italy
Museum of Modern Art, New York City

This chair was one of the first projects for the Italian furniture brand Moroso and one of the first works from Studio Urquiola; it was also a tribute to modern Scandinavian design.

Odile Decq

Odile Decq

Laval, France, 1955

Rome’s Museum of Contemporary Art – MACRO
Rome, Italy

Rome’s Museum of Contemporary Art allows visitors to observe the city and the urban surrounding context from a new viewpoint. Through an innovative renovation of the former Peroni beer brewery (1864), the architecture aims to provide an experience of discovery for the visitors.

Benedetta Tagliabue

Benedetta Tagliabue

Milan, Italy, 1963

Hamburg School of Music
Hamburg, Germany

This work represents the idea of ʽbalance between fragmented and revolutionary aesthetics and the respect for the tradition of the placeʼ that is frequently pursued by Tagliabue in her career.

Irena Bajerska

Irena Bajerska

Cisównica, Poland, 1943

Rooftop of the University Library
Warsaw, Poland

The Warsaw University Library new building by architects Marek Budzyński and Zbigniew Badowski was opened on December 15th, 1999 and includes a botanical garden, located on the roof, designed by Irena Bajerska. Opened to the general public, it is one of the largest roof gardens in Europe that is also an urban park.

Catherine Furet

Catherine Furet

Mulhouse, France, 1954

Residential Buildings
Paris, France

This housing scheme witnesses the transformation of the collective housing in the 1980s, with the search for modest solutions of urban insertion Overall it gives the impression of being an architectural paradox: a large complex on a human scale.

Laura Carducci

Laura Carducci

Geneva, Switzerland, 1960

Nursery School Jean de la Fontaine
Mitry – Mory, Seine-et- Marne, France

The school by Carducci is typical of the architectural vocabulary of the modernist tradition inspired by Le Corbusier.

Fiona Raby

Fiona Raby

Singapore, Singapore, 1963

Faraday Chair
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

This work reflects the conceptual design of Dunne & Raby. The plastic chair is in fact a translucent tank, and orange acrylic box, a space a person can retreat to in order to be protected from the electrical and magnetic fields existing in modern life.

Amanda Levete

Amanda Levete

Bridgend, South Wales, United Kingdom, 1955

Docklands Floating Bridge
London, United Kingdom

A piece of innovation in architecture that brings together the most modern and financial oriented part of the city with the industrial area hosting nineteenth century buildings. A bridge from the future that links the past and the present.

Zaha Hadid

Zaha Hadid

Baghdad, Iraq, 1950 · Miami, USA, 2016

Vitra Fire Station
Vita Capus, Weil am Rhein, Germany

The Vitra Fire Station is Zaha Hadid’s first building and reflects her theoretical studies on Deconstructivism, aiming to manifest the idea of motion in time.

Patricia Leboucq

Patricia Leboucq

Paris, France, 1957

Residential Building
Paris, France

That building is typical of the urban construction of apartment buildings in Paris at the end of the twentieth century- As a whole this project attests to the common language for residential buildings in the last decade of the twentieth century, found in many projects: modest and somewhat banal modernity that complies with the constraints of Parisian town planning.

Francine Houben

Francine Houben

Sittard, Netherlands, 1955

House with a Studio
Kralingse Plaslaan, Rotterdam, Netherlands

Houben created this house to serve as her own residence in Rotterdam, using the surrounding landscape as an influence for its design.

Edith Girard

Edith Girard

Paris, France, 1949 · 2014

Residential Building and Dunois Theatre
Paris, France

With its complex composition and an accessible terrace, the building was intended to be a homage to the architecture of Le Corbusier, while at the same time evoking a revisited Haussmanian tradition, owing to the rotunda on the corner of the triangle.

Verena Dietrich

Verena Dietrich

Wetzlar, Germany, 1941 · Schwerte, Germany, 2004

Höhenberg Sportspark Spectator Tribune
Cologne, Germany

This tribune reflects the architect’s passion for metallic materials and for their application to building. One of the most interesting features of this work is its attention to the alignment of shapes and structures which is reflected in recurring geometrical scheme.

Hanne Dam Kjærholm

Hanne Dam Kjærholm

Hjørring, Denmark, 1930 · 2009

Summerhouse
Island of Læsø, Denmark

The summerhouse on Læsø is a poetic reinterpretation of the vernacular architecture present on the island between Sweden and Denmark. This summerhouse is exemplary of how Kjærholm considered architecture as a harmonious whole in which materials, the interplay of daylight and interior decoration should be carefully thought out.

Gae Aulenti

Gae Aulenti

Palazzolo della Stella (Udine), Italy, 1927 · Milan, Italy, 2012

D’Orsay Museum
Paris, France

The exhibition itinerary has been organised on three levels and the central nave of the pre-existing station has been reused as the main axis from where passages and terraces run. The choice of light-coloured limestone is worthy of note, giving a particular brightness to the exhibition halls.

Viera Štarková Mecková

Viera Štarková Mecková

Turčianske Teplice, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), 1933

Communist Party Regional Committee Offices
Žilina, Slovakia

The huge edifice of the local Communist Party Committee became most significant work of Viera Mecková and one of the most important achievements of the late modernism in Slovakia.

Oľga Škvarková Ondreičková

Oľga Škvarková Ondreičková

Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), 1935

District Post Office
Prague, Czech Republic

The District post office belongs to the very few works of architecture realised by Slovak architects outside the territory of Slovakia. Being designed by a woman it is even more exceptional.

Teresa Nunes da Ponte

Teresa Nunes da Ponte

Lisbon, Portugal, 1955

Toca da Areia Residential Complex
Cascais, Portugal

It is possible to notice modernist features on the plant, such as the presence of flat roofs, which give place to a game with the different planes and create light and shadow games, adapted to the geographic location of an area near the coastline and a dense pine forest, between Cascais and Guincho.

Hildegard Auf Franić

Hildegard Auf Franić

Zagreb, Croatia, 1941

Faculty of Agriculture, Pavilion V
Zagreb, Croatia

Within the existing urban axis of the International style pavilions set in clear and firm direction, the author here halts the pedestrian movement by setting her pavilion aside of the axis and creating an ‘open forum’ that intended to stimulate the outdoor activities of the students.

Lucie Quirina Bakker

Lucie Quirina Bakker

Rotterdam, Netherlands, 1915 · Lochem, Netherlands, 2003

Quirina Tableware
Produced by Royal Tichelaar Ceramics Factory, Makkum, Netherlands

The Quirina Tableware is typical for the post-war transition from handcrafted pottery to serial production within the field of ceramics. Lucie Bakker turned from handicraft to serial production in the first place to earn a living.

Ursulina Witte Schüler

Ursulina Witte Schüler

Berlin, Germany, 1933

Tower Restaurant Steglitz
Berlin, Germany

Known locally as Bierpinsel (Beer Brush), it has three floors originally equipped with restaurants and a nightclub. It has a height of 46 m with a shape resembling that of an observation tower, but the architectural idea was that of a tree.

Charlotte Perriand

Charlotte Perriand

Paris, France, 1903 · 1999

Bloc cuisine Les Arcs
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

The Bloc cuisine is a historic record of the interior arrangement of the Modernist buildings conceived by Charlotte Perriand and an architects’ team in the ski resort of Les Arcs, in the French Alps. It is typical of the reflection undertook by architects and functionalist designers on the rational arrangement of reduced internal spaces and the use of modern materials and solid colours.

Sigrid Zschach Kressmann Losito

Sigrid Zschach Kressmann Losito

Leipzig, Germany, 1929 · Berlin, Germany, 1990

Steglitzer Kreisel
Berlin, Germany

The Steglitzer Kreisel is one of the largest office buildings of Berlin and also one of its most controversial landmarks. It became a symbol of the flawed speculative housing development projects of the 1960s and 1970s in West-Berlin during a time of housing shortage.

Ljiljana Vučović Bakić

Ljiljana Vučović Bakić

Belgrade, Serbia, 1939

Pioneer Sports Hall
Belgrade, Serbia

The Pioneer Sports Hall, now called the Aleksandar Nikolić Sports Hall, represents an icon of the 1970s Postmodern Belgrade architecture, intriguing the observer with its stratified structure, the use of colour, brick and concrete.

Blaženka Staroveški Kučinac

Blaženka Staroveški Kučinac

Rogaška Slatina, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Slovenia), 1937

Children’s Bedroom Furniture Pipi
Produced by Ivo Marinković Furniture Factory, Osijek, Croatia

The system of children’s bedroom furniture was designed to adapt to the growing child and represents an innovative solution of wooden joints and sophisticated integration possibilities. Small interventions transform the baby’s crib into a child’s bed, a desk and wardrobe, adjusting to the child’s needs.

Cini Boeri

Cini Boeri

Milan, Italy, 1924

Serpentone – Giant Snake Sofa
Produced by Arflex, Giussano, Italy

This furniture epitomises Cini Boeri’s design discourse focused on the respect of user’s lifestyles. Her concept of design is minimalist and is based on the social role of the architect. Like a giant snake, the sofa twists and turns following concave and convex curves.

Jadwiga Grabowska-Hawrylak

Jadwiga Grabowska-Hawrylak

Tarnawce, Poland, 1920

Sedesowce – Manhattan Housing Units
Wrocław, Poland

In 1974 Jadwiga Grabowska Hawrylak received an honorary prize from SARP (Association of Polish Architects) for the project Sedesowce, the housing units in Wrocław. They are an impressive example of modern housing, surprised by its blend of surfaces and models, in an almost Op art pattern.

Anna Ferrieri Castelli

Anna Ferrieri Castelli

Milan, Italy, 1920 · 2006

Componibili modular system
Produced by Kartell, Milan, Italy

The design idea of the Componibili modular system, renowned as icon of the 1960s, is the elementary and resistant vertical stacking of single modular elements which, by means of an easy joint, form super-functional containers.

Maria Teresa Parpagliolo Shephard

Maria Teresa Parpagliolo Shephard

Rome, Italy, 1903 · 1974

Hall Garden
RAI’s Headquarter, Rome, Italy

The project reveals the international experience of Parpagliolo and how she was receptive to new trends in landscape design and open to experiments. In 1966, she was commissioned for the design of a garden of the newly built headquarters of the state radio and television company RAI in Rome.

Ivanka Raspopović

Ivanka Raspopović

Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (today Serbia), 1930 · Belgrade, Serbia, 2015

Museum of Contemporary Art
Belgrade, Serbia

The Museum of Contemporary Art in Belgrade, joint work by Ivanka Raspopović and Ivan Antić, with expressive tectonics, rational geometric form, free plan, and interior that elevated visitors’ responses, set a benchmark for museum buildings design.





Nives Kalin Vehovar

Nives Kalin Vehovar

Ljubljana, Slovenia, 1932 · 2007

NKVFV Series of Wood Veneer Pendant Lights
Manufactured by Kalin Vehovar, Ljubljana, Slovenia

The organically shaped pendant lights combine function with sculptural interest, supplying interiors with softly diffused light. Distinguished by the innovative use of natural materials the series, created together with Franc Vehovar, belongs among most timeless examples of Slovenian design.

Nataša Štupar-Šumi

Nataša Štupar-Šumi

Ljubljana, Slovenia, 1927

Rihemberk Castle Reconstruction
Branik, Slovenia

Rihemberk, the largest castle of the Slovene Littoral region, was built on a strategically important defence position above the former road from Vipava valley to the Adriatic Sea. In 1962 the reconstruction project was taken over and supervised by architect Nataša Štupar Šumi. Her work encompassed the entire Castle reconstruction with preserved architectural elements and appropriate transformation of interior for tourism.

Annemarie Hubacher-Constam

Annemarie Hubacher-Constam

Zurich, Switzerland, 1921 · 2012

SAFFA
Swiss Women’s Work Exhibition
Zurich, Switzerland

The second SAFFA exhibition (Swiss Women’s Work Exhibition) was held from July 17th to September 15th 1958 in Zurich, displaying the subject of women’s life and activities and presenting a showcase of contemporary female design and architecture in Switzerland.

Lina Bo Bardi

Lina Bo Bardi

Rome, Italy, 1914 · São Paulo, Brazil, 1992

MASP – The São Paulo Museum of Art
São Paulo, Brazil

The MASP expresses the intent made by Lina Bo Bardi to bring art closer to the general public. It had to give off an atmosphere that would allow the visitor to understand the work of art. The architect declared: “I did not search for beauty, I searched for freedom.” The MASP architectural solution is, in fact, direct and essential.

Alison Margaret Gill Smithson

Alison Margaret Gill Smithson

Sheffield, United Kingdom, 1928 · 1993

House of the Future
Daily Mail Ideal Home Exhibition at the Olympia Hall in West London, United Kingdom

It was exhibited as the prototype of the suburban house that would be built 25 years later and it highlighted the trust in technology in the 1950s. The house was a utopic project designed to be pre-manufactured in the line of car industry products.

Stefania Filo Speziale

Stefania Filo Speziale

Naples, Italy, 1905 · 1988

Cattolica Assicurazioni Skyscraper
Naples, Italy

In 1954 Filo’s design of the Cattolica Assicurazioni Skyscraper (now: NH Hotel) won a competition that attracted important professional studios of that time. It was the highest building in Naples, a 30-floor building in reinforced concrete which at the height of 104m towered over the historic center of the city.

Tamara Davydovna

Tamara Davydovna

Dvinsk, Russian Empire, 1894 · Leningrad, Soviet Union, 1976

New Sochi Health Resort/Sanatorium
Sochi, Russia

The imposing complex of buildings marked by the monumental colonnades and offering views across the Black Sea coastline belongs among the typical examples of mid-century Stalinist architecture, a neo-classicist reaction against Constructivism of the 1920s and 1930s.

Jane Drew

Jane Drew

Thornton Heath, United Kingdom, 1911 · Barnard Castle, Durham, United Kingdom, 1996

University of Ibadan
Ibadan, Nigeria

This is a construction where the architects have been able to combine and adapt the design to the particular needs of the African climate and the functionality of Modern Movement.

Franca Helg

Franca Helg

Milan, Italy, 1920 · 1989

San Lorenzo Treasure Museum
San Lorenzo Cathedral, Genoa, Italy

The San Lorenzo Museum expresses the aim to enrich the history of the city, by inserting itself in its layering and connecting tradition to the necessity of using an updated language.

Elena Luzzatto Valentini

Elena Luzzatto Valentini

Ancona, Italy, 1900 · Rome, Italy, 1983

Primavalle Market
Rome, Italy

The Primavalle Market is a work of Italian Rationalism and is one of the best known works by Elena Luzzatto Valentini. The structure is in reinforced concrete and has reinforced concrete arches supporting the covering. The light comes from big windows that are spread all over the whole upper perimeter.

Elsi Naemi Borg

Elsi Naemi Borg

Nastola, Finland, 1893 · Helsinki, Finland, 1958

Lastenlinna Children’s Hospital
Mannerheim Society for the Protection of Children, Helsinki, Finland

The Children hospital is an example of a melt of the functionalist approach, typical of the interwar period and followed in differentiating the functions and using concrete structures (see Alvar Aalto), and the return back to the romantic ideals.

Eva Ditsleven Koppel

Eva Ditsleven Koppel

Copenhagen, Denmark, 1916 · 2006

Beech Wingback Chair
Produced by Slagelse Møbelværk, Denmark

With its simple but playful and organic shapes, this chair can be considered a typical example of Danish 1950s design. It was designed in collaboration with Eva’s husband Nils Koppel and manufactured by Slagelse Møbelværk.

Luisa Aiani Parisi

Luisa Aiani Parisi

Cantù, Como, Italy, 1920 · 1990

Sofa
Manufactured by Ariberto Colombo, Cantù, Italy
Distributed by La Ruota, Como, Italy

This sofa is a step in the way of developing industrially the skills of the artisanal wood companies in the Cantù district. It might set a starting point for the further growth of Italian modern furniture factories as Cassina or Zanotta.

Maria José Marques da Silva

Maria José Marques da Silva

Oporto, Portugal, 1914 · 1996

Palácio do Comércio
Oporto, Portugal

A versatile building, for services and leisure, the Palace of Commerce in Oporto knew many projects (the first of them made in 1940 by architect and town planner David Moreira da Silva), but the ones thought and designed by the couple between 1944 and 1946 (already signed by both), would determine the beginning of its construction in 1946.

Rita Fernández Queimadelos

Rita Fernández Queimadelos

Pontevedra, Spain, 1911 · Barcelona, Spain, 2008

Restoration of the Patronato de Protección de la Mujer
Designed for Board for Women Protection, San Fernando de Henares, Spain

This project was developed by one of the pioneers of female architecture in Spain and is a representative example of post-war architecture and the ideology promoting it.

Liane Zimbler

Liane Zimbler

Přerov, Austro-Hungarian Empire (Czech Republic), 1892 · Los Angeles, USA, 1987

Panzer Residence
Beverly Hills, California, USA

This building is a remarkable example of the activity developed by Jewish women exiled in the United States. This architect had developed her expertise in Vienna and Prague, and proposed an interior design which relied on interconnected open spaces and comfortable modern furniture.

Mary Crowley

Mary Crowley

Bradford, United Kingdom, 1907 · 2005

Plan of the Expanding Nursery School
Designed for Nursery Schools Association (NSA)
United Kingdom

The design, known as ‘the expanding nursery school’, was intended to be mass produced. Its intentions reflected the enlightened thinking of the time in relation to preschool facilities. It was of the pioneering designs in the field of school architecture in Europe.

Martta Martikainen-Ypyä

Martta Martikainen-Ypyä

Iisalmi, Finland, 1904 · Helsinki, Finland, 1992

Motor Battalion Barracks and Garage
Ministry of Defence, Helsinki, Finland

Functionality, durability and improved hygiene were the key issues sought by the Ministry of Defence of Finland in the 1930s. In that time, the building office employed about ten women.

Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray

Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray

Enniscorthy, Ireland, 1878 · París, France, 1976

Maison en bord de mer E-1027
Cap-Martin, Roquebrune, France

Considered a landmark of modern architecture and the theories of the Modern Movement, the house was designed in collaboration with her boyfriend at that time, the Rumanian architect Jean Badovici as their own home, a prototype of a domestic space that goes beyond Rationalism.

Elizabeth Whitworth Scott

Elizabeth Whitworth Scott

Bournemouth, United Kingdom 1898 · 1972

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre
Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom

The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre was the first relevant work allocated to a female architect in a public call for tender; in addition, it was one of the first buildings designed under the parameters of the Modern Movement.

Margarete (Grete) Lihotzky Schütte

Margarete (Grete) Lihotzky Schütte

Vienna, Austria, 1897 · 2000

Frankfurt Kitchen
Produced by the New Frankfurt social housing program, Frankfurt
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, et al.

This kitchen – minimal in its size, however rational and efficient – was conceived as one of the first steps toward a better and more egalitarian world. Regarded as the forerunner of modern fitted kitchens, it is a milestone in history of interior design.

Margaret Kropholler

Margaret Kropholler

Haarlem, Netherlands, 1891 · Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1966

Atelier Roland Holst
Zundert, Netherlands

Kropholler originally designed this building as a studio for the artist Richard Roland Holst and his wife, the politically active poet Henriëtte Roland Holst-van der Schalk. The design is an early example of the Amsterdam School style.